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How to re enable gadgets in Windows 7

· One min read
  1. Click Start
  2. Click Control Panel
  3. Click Program and Features
  4. Click Uninstall a Program
  5. This will now launch the installed programs list
  6. Click “Turn Windows Features On and Off” on the left hand menu
  7. Check Windows Gadget Platform
  8. Press Ok
  9. Your PC will restart and gadgets will be re-enabled.

Note: Although originally enabled in Windows 7 – Microsoft had deactivated the gadgets due to unstable/malicious code that allowed unsavoury individuals remote access to the PC. If re-enabled make you are running the latest Windows Update and the Windows Firewall service is enabled.

OneNote 2013 – Convert Handwriting to Text

· One min read
  1. Click on Draw
  2. Click on Type
  3. Drag over your handwritten notes and click Ink to Text (you can also right your click your selection and choose Ink to Text)
  4. It will then convert your selection to Text

Note if your handwriting doesn’t convert you can follow the guide below:

  1. Click on Draw
  2. Click on Lasso tool
  3. Select your handwritten text
  4. Right click
  5. Select Treat Select Ink As
  6. Click Handwriting
  7. Attempt the Ink to Text again.

Guide to using Hyper-V

· 5 min read

Introduction to Hyper-V

Hyper-V is an emulation/hyper-visor Microsoft developed technology – similar to VMWare Workstation or ESXI that allows you to run Virtual Machines and different workloads simultaneously. Hyper-V is currently available in Windows 8, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 8.1 & Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2. The Hyper-V hypervisor allows multiple workloads to run on the same physical hardware that in the past would have otherwise only been suitable for one workload – allowing for power and resource efficiency.

Hyper-V Specifications

Host operating system:

To install the Hyper-V role, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard, Enterprise or Datacentre edition, Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacentre edition, or Windows 8 (or 8.1) Pro or Enterprise edition is required. Hyper-V is only supported on x86-64 variants of Windows. It can be installed regardless of whether the installation is a full or core installation. **Processor: **An x86-64 processor

Hardware-assisted virtualization support: This is available in processors that include a virtualization option; specifically, Intel VT or AMD Virtualization (AMD-V, formerly code-named “Pacifica”).

A NX bit-compatible CPU must be available and Hardware Data Execution Prevention (DEP) must be enabled.

Although this is not an official requirement, Windows Server 2008 R2 and a CPU with second-level address translation support are recommended for workstations.

Second-level address translation is a mandatory requirement for Hyper-V in Windows 8


Minimum 2 GB. (Each virtual machine requires its own memory, and so realistically much more.)

Windows Server 2008 Standard (x64) Hyper-V full GUI or Core supports up to 31 GB of memory for running VMs, plus 1 GB for the Hyper-V parent OS.]

Maximum total memory per system for Windows Server 2008 R2 hosts: 32 GB (Standard) or 2 TB (Enterprise, Datacentre)

Maximum total memory per system for Windows Server 2012 hosts: 4 TB

Guest operating systems

Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 supports virtual machines with up to 4 processors each (1, 2, or 4 processors depending on guest OS-see below)

Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 supports virtual machines with up to 64 processors each.

Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 and 2008 R2 supports up to 384 VMs per system.

Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 supports up to 1024 active virtual machines per system.

Hyper-V supports both 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x64) guest VMs.

Improvements of Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012

Hyper-V Extensible Virtual Switch

Network virtualization


Storage Resource Pools

.vhdx disk format supporting virtual hard disks as large as 64 TB with power failure resiliency

Virtual Fibre Channel

Offloaded data transfer

Hyper-V replica

Cross-premise connectivity

Cloud backup

Installing Hyper-V in Windows 8 & Windows 8.1

  1. Navigate to Control Panel & select Uninstall a Program underneath programs
  2. Select Turn Windows Features On or Off
  3. Check Hyper-V & Hyper-V Platform and select additional relevant features – I would HIGHLY recommend Hyper-V GUI Management Tools.
  4. Windows will go through and install the Hyper-V modules onto the Windows 8 workstation. Once completed the workstation will need a restart and you will be able to now fully utilise Hyper-V!

Installing Hyper-V for Windows Server 2012

  1. Open Server Manager
  2. Click Add Roles and Features and click Next
  3. Select Hyper-V Role and click Next
  4. Select the appropriate NIC (network interface card) for live migration and select Next
  5. Select the default locations for your VHD (virtual hard disks) and VM (virtual machine) configuration files to be held and select Next
  6. Once the Hyper-V role has been fully installed – restart the Windows Server 2012 machine. You should now have access to the Hyper-V Manager.

Hyper-V Tips and Tricks

How to stop and restart the Hyper-V service

  1. Open Hyper-V Manager
  2. Select the relevant Hyper-V server
  3. Select Stop Service

How to create a new Virtual Machine in Hyper-V

  1. Open Hyper-V Manager
  2. Select New and Virtual Machine
  3. The before you Begin Wizard will now appear – click Next
  4. Choose a name for your Virtual Machine and verify the storage location is for the virtual machine is appropriate and click Next
  5. Here you can select the “generation” of the Virtual Machine.
  6. Generation 1 – These are for 32bit legacy based systems usually used for Windows 7 and Windows XP/Linux virtual machines.
  7. Generation 2 – These are for Windows Server 2012 or 64bit versions of Windows 8
  8. NOTE: Once Virtual Machine generation has been selected – YOU CANNOT change it.
  9. NOTE: Using Convert-VMGeneration script you can convert a Generation 1 VM to Generation 2.
  10. You can now select the RAM amount you would like to delegate to your Virtual Machine and select Next
  11. If you have VLAN setup you can set your Virtual Machine to use the connection – I don’t so I am just going to click Next
  12. Now you can specify the appropriate VHD (Virtual Hard Disk) for the Virtual Machine to use – you can either create a new one or use an existing VHD.
  13. This is where you specify the path to your installation media for your virtual machine – such as an OS (operating system) ISO.
  14. You have finally setup your new Virtual Machine! Verify all the settings are correct and click Finish to configure and generate your new Virtual Machines.
  15. You can now right click on your Virtual Machine under the Hyper-V Manager and select Connect… to start it.

How to WOL an entire IP range

· 2 min read

WOL (Wake on Lan) functions – can be extremely useful especially in remote management and deployment of resources. I have come across a neat little free utility named: SoftPerfect Network Scanner which although being freeware comes with a manner of useful functionality from small to large WANs so I recommend to anyone having a flick through the utility.

  1. First download the utility – SoftPerfect Network Scanner and save to an easily locatable location – ie Desktop or My Documents/Downloads.
  2. Extract the netscan zip file. There are 2 folders – one for 32 or one for 64 bit.
  3. Open netscan.exe
  4. In the Range from fields type the IP range you would like to scan – ie to and press Start Scanning to the right.
  5. Depending on the size of your network – this may take anywhere from a few seconds to minutes.
  6. Once completed press Ctrl+A to select all devices (You can also go into View, Quick Filter Hosts & select Shared Folders to help distinguish what machines are actually workstations).
  7. Right click and select Wake-On-LAN, Send Wake-On-LAN signal to send the WOL packet to the workstations in the IP range.

Note: What I would recommend doing – is doing this process while you know the workstations have been started and instead of sending the Wake-On-LAN signal in Step 8 – select Save MAC to WOL Manager. You can then go to Options on the top menu of the Network Scanner and select Wake-On-LAN Manager – here you can add more workstations – clear the workstations by hostname/mac address and subnet that you do not want to include and specify a delay in sending out the Wake-On-LAN packets between workstations.

Setup Parental Control on a TP-Link ADSL router

· One min read

In this example I am using a – TD-W8960N.

I am only going to give you a brief outline on how to set this up as various people need various settings – however it is extremely easy to utilise and doesn’t require a router restart to take effect.

  1. First navigate to the routers administration page – open your internet browser and navigate to:
  2. On the left hand side Menu select Advanced Setup
  3. Select Parental Control
  4. Here you have 2 options – you can place a Time Restriction which will allow you to specify by time and day (by MAC address filtering) that will Block or Allow internet connectivity during certain periods. The second is URL filtering allowing you to place a block on certain URLs.